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Careers in Psychology

Career Overview for Psychologists


One motivating factor for being a psychologist is that over a quarter of psychologists are self-employed, which is four times the national average. Psychologists generally need a graduate level
psychology degree to be successful. Medical school is required for many psychologists who specialize in clinical psychology or counseling, and a master's degree is minimum requirement for most educational facilities and organizations.

The work of psychologists is to examine human mental processes and how they affect behavior. Many psychologists are involved in research, where they explore the intellectual, physiological, emotional, or social facets of human conduct. Researchers hypothesize and then gather information; either by experiments performed in a lab or by dispensing tests, and then draw conclusions. Psychologists might also observe test subjects, study physiological effects of mental stimulation, or administer questionnaires and surveys as part of their research. Other psychologists provide health services at hospitals, schools, clinic, or private practices.

Psychologists not only collect data but find applications for it in almost every field, e.g. business, government, management, employee relations, law, and sports. Most psychologists have a firm grasp of general principles but specialize in one particular field where they help with training, counseling, or developing programs.

Where do I get this education? Find schools with Psychology programs here

Education Level and Careers

Being a psychologist requires a quite a bit of schooling and an advanced degree.

Having a Bachelor's Degree in psychology will enable an applicant to work as an assistant to other psychologists or other personnel at community medical centers, behavior modification programs, or programs for vocational rehabilitation. Some are employed in other fields, like market research, as consultants or specialists. Others might work as administrative assistants, help with research, or train for managerial positions in corporations.

A Master's Degree will qualify individuals to work as school psychologists or industrial-organizational psychologists. They might also help with research or be an assistant of someone with a doctorate. A master's degree in psychology takes two years to complete, and generally includes some hands-on experience in a professional setting and original research in the form of a written thesis. Not all schools require an undergraduate psychology for admission, but all are competitive and will require understanding basic concepts in the social sciences and statistical skills.

A PhD will qualify people to be licensed as a clinical psychologist or counselor. It will also qualify them to teach at a university, work at a research group, be employed by the government, work at a medical facility, or work as a school psychologist. The majority of PhD holders work as clinical psychologists at private practices.

Earning a PhD generally requires five to seven years of post-graduate work. It involves courses in research, using computers for analysis, psychological theory, and practices. Also, earning your degree involves either original research in the form of a written dissertation or examinations. Many degrees in clinical or counseling psychology involve a practical internship as well.


The Industry Outlook

More schools, medical facilities, consulting firms, nonprofit organizations, and government organizations are demanding the skills of psychologists. Consequently, employment is projected to increase faster than the average for clinical, counseling, and school psychologists while it increases at the average rate for industrial-organizational psychologists.

Potential may be strongest for school psychologists. Demand is rising for their services as more people recognize their effectiveness in dealing with behavioral problems, maximizing learning, and contributing to the mental health of students.

There are also many new opportunities for clinical psychologists and counselors. New expenses in healthcare associated with harmful habits like smoking and alcoholism are motivating people to seek help from psychologists in avoidance and treatment. Other issues like depression, divorce, abuse, stress, and eating disorders provide opportunities for psychologists to help. Job growth in this area is increasing further as more corporations and organizations are implemented programs to provide counseling services for their employees.

Industrial-Organizational psychologists have many opportunities to help corporations become more efficient, increase productivity, increase employee longevity, increase diversity, and avoid discrimination. They will also help companies by providing consultation on marketing techniques by developing surveys and researching customer demands.


Compiled with information from http://www.careeroverview.com/psychology-careers.html

  1. eshani saidFri, 07 Nov 2008 06:38:29 -0000 ( Link )

    I am planning to do my masters in Career counseling / Guidance from the USA…………. Can anybody give info on the prospects I have in India if I want to come back

    Eshani Shevde

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  2. albrecht saidThu, 27 Nov 2008 20:50:41 -0000 ( Link )

    Hi Eshani,

    Firstly, I do apologize for the delayed response to your query.

    There are lots of great reasons that students will often go abroad for their Masters in Psychology and many do so with plans to return to their home country. A reputable school in the USA such as the Adler School of Psychology will be recognized by your peers and hiring organizations upon your return to India as the USA in known for providing a high quality education. An international education experience is often the differentiating factor when it comes to employers looking to hire.

    If you are interested in receiving more information about Adler’s Career Counseling Masters program in Chicago, USA – you can enter your contact information and interests on LearnHub here and they will get in touch with you!

    I hope this helps!
    Dan

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  3. captshankar saidSat, 03 Jan 2009 16:34:36 -0000 ( Link )

    Superb Excellent I wud like to pursue this as mt career

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  4. captshankar saidSat, 03 Jan 2009 16:34:49 -0000 ( Link )

    good

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  5. captshankar saidSat, 03 Jan 2009 16:38:07 -0000 ( Link )

    I have a bachelors in Commerce and no further Qualification .I want to study child Psychology .Can I Most of the schools are asking more Qualifications

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  6. albrecht saidFri, 09 Jan 2009 19:40:14 -0000 ( Link )

    Hi there captshankar,

    I am glad to hear that you found the lesson to be useful! Have you looked around the rest of our All About Psychology community? Lots of good content on psychology and possible careers.

    To enroll in a Masters of Child Psychology – most schools won’t make it a must have requirement to have a bachelors in psychology so your commerce degree should be okay. Do you have any additional information about the qualifications they are requiring? Perhaps you could gain experience in the field by volunteering with a community organization in this field as a start.

    I work closely with the Adler School of Professional Psychology in Chicago, USA which has a MA Psychology program you may want to explore. You can start talking with them by filling out the blue inquiry form in the Adler community.

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  7. sinora saidMon, 16 Feb 2009 10:25:52 -0000 ( Link )

    i hav done b.a in education hons ,special b.ed and now m.sc in applied psuchology i want to do P.hd can u help.

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  8. albrecht saidFri, 20 Feb 2009 22:38:52 -0000 ( Link )

    Hi Sinora,

    Thanks for the post!

    A PhD in Psychology is a great next career step. Are you looking at taking your PhD in Psychology in your home nation or abroad? LearnHub has all kinds of amazing resources for students thinking of studying abroad.

    If you are looking at programs in the USA, the Adler School of Professional Psychology in Chicago, USA is a school that concentrates on only Psychology education and has an excellent and well reputed PhD program. Learn more about their program in this LearnHub lesson

    Let us know if there is anything else we can do to help!

    Dan

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  9. asmitalal saidSun, 19 Apr 2009 22:44:36 -0000 ( Link )

    hi, i am doing 3rd year of BA with psychology as my major…please can you tell me what are the admission prospects after 15 years of education i USA.
    plz suggest some good universities accpeting 3 year undergraduates.

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  10. albrecht saidThu, 04 Jun 2009 13:49:00 -0000 ( Link )

    HI asmitalal,

    Many schools in the USA do require international students to have 16 years of education which is equivalent to the North American four year bachelors degree. It may be worth looking into your opportunities to get a one year post-graduate program so that you will qualify for schools like Adler School of Professional Psychology!

    One school that allows students with 15 years of education to apply is the Chicago School of Professional Psychology check them out on LearnHub!

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  11. asmitalal saidSun, 14 Jun 2009 15:31:39 -0000 ( Link )

    thank you soo much albrecht!!!!!!!

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  12. JCarter31 saidSat, 15 Aug 2009 14:49:43 -0000 ( Link )

    Albrecht, you speak highly of Adler, I was just accepted at Adler for their Counseling and Organizational Psychology program. Do they really have a good rep and and is it worth the money?

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  13. samgute saidFri, 19 Feb 2010 10:41:19 -0000 ( Link )

    Am a fitness trainer come swiming\sports coach and realy interested in doing psychology and counseling.there is no other program for certification to be one apart from the degree program ?
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